city, Cordoba provincia (province), in the comunidad autonoma (autonomous community) of Andalusia, southern Spain, southeast of Cordoba city. Inhabited since Roman times, the district was taken from the Moors by Ferdinand III in 1237. Gonzalo Fernandez de Cordoba, known as El Gran Capitan, was born in Ferdinand's castle in 1453. There Garcilaso de la Vega, called El Inca, composed his voluminous works on the Inca Empire of Peru. Montilla was declared a city in 1630 by Philip IV
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