[n. mon-yuh-muhnt; v. mon-yuh-ment]
something erected in memory of a person, event, etc., as a building, pillar, or statue: the Washington Monument.
any building, megalith, etc., surviving from a past age, and regarded as of historical or archaeological importance.
any enduring evidence or notable example of something: a monument to human ingenuity.
an exemplar, model, or personification of some abstract quality, especially when considered to be beyond question: a monument of middle-class respectability.
an area or a site of interest to the public for its historical significance, great natural beauty, etc., preserved and maintained by a government.
a written tribute to a person, especially a posthumous one.
Surveying. an object, as a stone shaft, set in the ground to mark the boundaries of real estate or to mark a survey station.
a person considered as a heroic figure or of heroic proportions: He became a monument in his lifetime.
Obsolete. a tomb; sepulcher.
a statue.
verb (used with object)
to build a monument or monuments to; commemorate: to monument the nation's war dead.
to build a monument on: to monument a famous site.

1250–1300; Middle English < Latin monumentum, equivalent to mon- (stem of monēre to remind, warn) + -u- (variant of -i- -i- before labials) + -mentum -ment

monumentless, adjective
unmonumented, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
monument (ˈmɒnjʊmənt)
1.  an obelisk, statue, building, etc, erected in commemoration of a person or event or in celebration of something
2.  a notable building or site, esp one preserved as public property
3.  a tomb or tombstone
4.  a literary or artistic work regarded as commemorative of its creator or a particular period
5.  (US) a boundary marker
6.  an exceptional example: his lecture was a monument of tedium
7.  an obsolete word for statue
[C13: from Latin monumentum, from monēre to remind, advise]

Monument (ˈmɒnjʊmənt)
the Monument a tall columnar building designed (1671) by Sir Christopher Wren to commemorate the Fire of London (1666), which destroyed a large part of the medieval city

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

late 13c., "a sepulchre," from L. monumentum "a monument, a memorial," lit. "something that reminds," from monere "to remind, warn" (see monitor). Sense of "structure or edifice to commemorate a notable person, action, or event" first attested c.1600.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Indeed, looking at these monuments of sport from above makes you think
  differently when you're visiting down below.
These iconic pylon-figures will become monuments in the landscape.
Coral reefs can resemble underwater monuments, with strong towers and
  meandering walls that stand firm against the tides.
But these monuments to the existence of insects say no-their behavior was
  almost identical to what it is now.
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