before 900;Middle English;Old Englishmōd mind, spirit; courage; cognate with GermanMut,Gothicmōths courage, Old Norsemōthr anger
1. temper, humor, disposition, inclination.
a set of categories for which the verb is inflected in many languages, and that is typically used to indicate the syntactic relation of the clause in which the verb occurs to other clauses in the sentence, or the attitude of the speaker toward what he or she is saying, as certainty or uncertainty, wish or command, emphasis or hesitancy.
a set of syntactic devices in some languages that is similar to this set in function or meaning, involving the use of auxiliary words, as can, may, might.
any of the categories of these sets:
the Latin indicative, imperative, and subjunctive moods.
Logic. a classification of categorical syllogisms by the use of three letters that name, respectively, the major premise, the minor premise, and the conclusion.
"emotional condition, frame of mind," O.E. mod "heart, frame of mind, spirit, courage," from P.Gmc. *motha- (cf. O.Fris. mod "intellect, mind, courage," O.N. moðr "wrath, anger," M.Du. moet, Du. moed, O.H.G. muot, Ger. Mut "courage," Goth. moþs "courage, anger"), of unknown origin. A much more vigorous word in Anglo-Saxon than currently, and used widely in compounds (e.g. modcræftig "intelligent," modful "proud"). To be in the mood "willing (to do something)" is from 1580s. First record of mood swings is from 1942.
"grammatical form indicating the function of a verb," 1569, an alteration of mode (1), but the grammatical and musical (1597) usages of it influenced the meaning of mood (1) in phrases such as light-hearted mood.