morbidity

[mawr-bid-i-tee]
noun
1.
a morbid state or quality.
2.
the proportion of sickness or of a specific disease in a geographical locality.

Origin:
1715–25; morbid + -ity

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World English Dictionary
morbidity (mɔːˈbɪdɪtɪ)
 
n
1.  the state of being morbid
2.  Also: morbidity rate the relative incidence of a particular disease in a specific locality

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

morbidity
1721, from morbid + -ity.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

morbidity mor·bid·i·ty (mōr-bĭd'ĭ-tē)
n.

  1. The quality of being morbid.

  2. A diseased state.

  3. The incidence or prevalence of a disease.

  4. Morbidity rate.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
My response: The three major controllable causes of mortality and morbidity are
  obesity, smoking, and excessive drinking.
The gap already has significant acute and chronic morbidity and mortality.
It recoils from garbage and morbidity.
Sickle-cell anemia co-evolved with malaria morbidity and only affects certain
  races.
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