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anthracite

[an-thruh-sahyt]
noun
a mineral coal containing little of the volatile hydrocarbons and burning almost without flame; hard coal.
Also called anthracite coal.


Origin:
1810–15; probably < French < Latin (Pliny) anthracītis kind of coal. See anthrac-, -ite1

anthracitic [an-thruh-sit-ik] , anthracitous [an-thruh-sahy-tuhs] , adjective
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World English Dictionary
anthracite (ˈænθrəˌsaɪt)
 
n
Also called: hard coal a hard jet-black coal that burns slowly with a nonluminous flame giving out intense heat. Fixed carbon content: 86--98 per cent; calorific value: 3.14 × 107--3.63 × 107 J/kg
 
[C19: from Latin anthracītes type of bloodstone, from Greek anthrakitēs coal-like, from anthrax coal, anthrax]
 
anthracitic
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

anthracite
"non-bituminous coal," 1812, earlier (c.1600) a type of ruby-like gem described by Pliny, from L. anthracites "bloodstone, semi-precious gem," from Gk. anthrakites "coal-like," from anthrax (gen. anthrakos) "live coal" (see anthrax).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
anthracite  [%PREMIUM_LINK%]     (ān'thrə-sīt')  Pronunciation Key 
A hard, shiny coal that has a high carbon content. It is valued as a fuel because it burns with a clean flame and without smoke or odor, but it is much less abundant than bituminous coal. Compare bituminous coal, lignite.

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