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captive

[kap-tiv] /ˈkæp tɪv/
noun
1.
a prisoner.
2.
a person who is enslaved or dominated; slave:
He is the captive of his own fears.
adjective
3.
made or held prisoner, especially in war:
captive troops.
4.
kept in confinement or restraint:
captive animals.
5.
enslaved by love, beauty, etc.; captivated:
her captive beau.
6.
of or pertaining to a captive.
7.
managed as an affiliate or subsidiary of a corporation and operated almost exclusively for the use or needs of the parent corporation rather than independently for the general public:
a captive shop; a captive mine.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English (< Middle French) < Latin captīvus, equivalent to capt(us) taken (past participle of capere to take) + -īvus -ive
Related forms
noncaptive, adjective
pseudocaptive, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for more captive

captive

/ˈkæptɪv/
noun
1.
a person or animal that is confined or restrained, esp a prisoner of war
2.
a person whose behaviour is dominated by some emotion a captive of love
adjective
3.
held as prisoner
4.
held under restriction or control; confined captive water held behind a dam
5.
captivated; enraptured
6.
unable by circumstances to avoid speeches, advertisements, etc (esp in the phrase captive audience)
Word Origin
C14: from Latin captīvus, from capere to take
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for more captive

captive

adj.

late 14c., "imprisoned, enslaved," from Latin captivus "caught, taken prisoner," from captus, past participle of capere "to take, hold, seize" (see capable). As a noun from c.1400; an Old English noun was hæftling, from hæft "taken, seized."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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more captive in the Bible

one taken in war. Captives were often treated with great cruelty and indignity (1 Kings 20:32; Josh. 10:24; Judg. 1:7; 2 Sam. 4:12; Judg. 8:7; 2 Sam. 12:31; 1 Chr. 20:3). When a city was taken by assault, all the men were slain, and the women and children carried away captive and sold as slaves (Isa. 20; 47:3; 2 Chr. 28:9-15; Ps. 44:12; Joel 3:3), and exposed to the most cruel treatment (Nah. 3:10; Zech. 14:2; Esther 3:13; 2 Kings 8:12; Isa. 13:16, 18). Captives were sometimes carried away into foreign countries, as was the case with the Jews (Jer. 20:5; 39:9, 10; 40:7).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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