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cavalier

[kav-uh-leer, kav-uh-leer]
noun
1.
a horseman, especially a mounted soldier; knight.
2.
one having the spirit or bearing of a knight; a courtly gentleman; gallant.
3.
a man escorting a woman or acting as her partner in dancing.
4.
(initial capital letter) an adherent of Charles I of England in his contest with Parliament.
adjective
5.
haughty, disdainful, or supercilious: an arrogant and cavalier attitude toward others.
6.
offhand or unceremonious: The very dignified officials were confused by his cavalier manner.
7.
(initial capital letter) of or pertaining to the Cavaliers.
8.
(initial capital letter) of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the Cavalier poets or their work.
verb (used without object)
9.
to play the cavalier.
10.
to be haughty or domineering.

Origin:
1590–1600; < Middle French: horseman, knight < Old Italian cavaliere < Old Provençal < Late Latin caballārius man on horseback, equivalent to Latin caball(us) horse (cf. capercaillie) + -ārius -ary

cavalierism, cavalierness, noun
cavalierly, adverb
uncavalier, adjective
uncavalierly, adverb


5. indifferent, offhand, uncaring, thoughtless, condescending.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
cavalier (ˌkævəˈlɪə)
 
adj
1.  showing haughty disregard; offhand
 
n
2.  a gallant or courtly gentleman, esp one acting as a lady's escort
3.  archaic a horseman, esp one who is armed
 
[C16: from Italian cavaliere, from Old Provençal cavalier, from Late Latin caballārius rider, from caballus horse, of obscure origin]
 
cava'lierly
 
adv

Cavalier (ˌkævəˈlɪə)
 
n
Compare Roundhead a supporter of Charles I during the English Civil War

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

cavalier
1589, from It. cavalliere "mounted soldier, knight," from L.L. caballarius "horseman," from L. caballus "horse, a pack horse." Sense advanced in 17c. to "knight," then "courtly gentleman," which led to adj. "disdainful" (1657). Meaning "Royalist adherent of Charles I" is from 1641.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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