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cretin

[kreet-n or, esp. British, kret-n] /ˈkrit n or, esp. British, ˈkrɛt n/
noun
1.
a person suffering from cretinism.
2.
a stupid, obtuse, or mentally defective person.
Origin
1770-1780
1770-80; < French; Franco-Provençal creitin, crestin human being, literally, Christian (hence one who is human despite deformities)
Related forms
cretinoid, adjective
cretinous, adjective
semicretin, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for more cretinous

cretin

/ˈkrɛtɪn/
noun
1.
(old-fashioned) a person afflicted with cretinism
2.
(offensive) a person considered to be extremely stupid
Derived Forms
cretinoid, adjective
cretinous, adjective
Word Origin
C18: from French crétin, from Swiss French crestin, from Latin ChrīstiānusChristian, alluding to the humanity of such people, despite their handicaps
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for more cretinous

cretin

n.

1779, from French crétin (18c.), from Alpine dialect crestin, "a dwarfed and deformed idiot" of a type formerly found in families in the Alpine lands, a condition caused by a congenital deficiency of thyroid hormones, from Vulgar Latin *christianus "a Christian," a generic term for "anyone," but often with a sense of "poor fellow." Related: Cretinism (1801).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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more cretinous in Medicine

cretin cre·tin (krēt'n)
n.
A person afflicted with cretinism.


cre'tin·oid' (-oid') adj.
cre'tin·ous (-əs) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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