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enchondroma

[en-kuh n-droh-muh] /ˌɛn kənˈdroʊ mə/
noun, plural enchondromas, enchondromata
[en-kuh n-droh-muh-tuh] /ˌɛn kənˈdroʊ mə tə/ (Show IPA).
Pathology
1.
a growth of cartilage within the shaft or substance of a bone.
Origin
1840-1850
1840-50; < Neo-Latin < Greek en- en-2 + chóndr(os) cartilage + -ōma -oma
Related forms
enchondromatous
[en-kuh n-drom-uh-tuh s, -droh-muh-] /ˌɛn kənˈdrɒm ə təs, -ˈdroʊ mə-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for more enchondromatous

enchondroma

/ˌɛnkənˈdrəʊmə/
noun (pl) -mas, -mata (-mətə)
1.
(pathol) a benign cartilaginous tumour, most commonly in the bones of the hands or feet
Derived Forms
enchondromatous, adjective
Word Origin
C19: New Latin from Greek, from en-² + khondros cartilage
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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more enchondromatous in Medicine

enchondroma en·chon·dro·ma (ěn'kŏn-drō'mə)
n.
A benign cartilaginous growth starting within the medullary cavity of a bone that formed from cartilage.


en'chon·dro'ma·tous (-drō'mə-təs, -drŏm'ə-) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for more enchondromatous

enchondroma

solitary benign cartilaginous tumour that occurs mostly in the shafts of bones of the hands and feet, usually between adolescence and about age 50. Enchondromas are slow-growing tumours. As they grow, they expand and thin the cortex of the parent bone, producing considerable deformity. They may also erupt through their bony covering and project outward into the surrounding soft tissues. Enchondromas tend to be painless but are potential sources of a malignant cartilage-forming tumour called chondrosarcoma. Treatment includes curettage (scraping) or complete surgical excision. The solitary enchondroma is morphologically identical with the lesions produced in enchondromatosis (also called Ollier disease).

Learn more about enchondroma with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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