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[ker-uh-seen, kar-, ker-uh-seen, kar-]
a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained by distilling petroleum, bituminous shale, or the like, and widely used as a fuel, cleaning solvent, etc.
using or fueled by kerosene: a kerosene lamp.
Also, kerosine.

1852; irregular < Greek kērós wax + -ene; formerly trademark Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
kerosene or kerosine (ˈkɛrəˌsiːn)
1.  Also called: paraffin a liquid mixture consisting mainly of alkane hydrocarbons with boiling points in the range 150°--300°C, used as an aircraft fuel, in domestic heaters, and as a solvent
2.  the general name for paraffin as a fuel for jet aircraft
usage  The spelling kerosine is now the preferred form in technical and industrial usage
kerosine or kerosine
usage  The spelling kerosine is now the preferred form in technical and industrial usage

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1852, coined in Canada by Abraham Gesner, who discovered how to distill it c.1846, from Gk. keros "wax" + chemical suffix -ene. So called because it contains paraffin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
kerosene   (kěr'ə-sēn')  Pronunciation Key 
A thin, light-colored oil that is a mixture of hydrocarbons derived from petroleum. The hydrocarbons in kerosene contain between 11 and 12 carbon atoms. Kerosene is used as a fuel in lamps, home heaters and furnaces, and jet engines.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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