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kerosene

[ker-uh-seen, kar-, ker-uh-seen, kar-]
noun
1.
a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained by distilling petroleum, bituminous shale, or the like, and widely used as a fuel, cleaning solvent, etc.
adjective
2.
using or fueled by kerosene: a kerosene lamp.
Also, kerosine.


Origin:
1852; irregular < Greek kērós wax + -ene; formerly trademark

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
kerosene or kerosine (ˈkɛrəˌsiːn)
 
n
1.  Also called: paraffin a liquid mixture consisting mainly of alkane hydrocarbons with boiling points in the range 150°--300°C, used as an aircraft fuel, in domestic heaters, and as a solvent
2.  the general name for paraffin as a fuel for jet aircraft
 
usage  The spelling kerosine is now the preferred form in technical and industrial usage
 
kerosine or kerosine
 
n
 
usage  The spelling kerosine is now the preferred form in technical and industrial usage

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

kerosene
1852, coined in Canada by Abraham Gesner, who discovered how to distill it c.1846, from Gk. keros "wax" + chemical suffix -ene. So called because it contains paraffin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
kerosene   (kěr'ə-sēn')  Pronunciation Key 
A thin, light-colored oil that is a mixture of hydrocarbons derived from petroleum. The hydrocarbons in kerosene contain between 11 and 12 carbon atoms. Kerosene is used as a fuel in lamps, home heaters and furnaces, and jet engines.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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