O.E., from L. Romanus
"of Rome, Roman," from Roma
"Rome" (see Rome
). The O.E. word was romanisc,
which yielded M.E. Romanisshe.
As a type of numeral (opposed to Arabic
) it is attested from 1728; as a typeface (opposed to Gothic,
or black letter, and italic
) it is recorded from 1519. Roman nose
is from 1624. Roman candle
recorded from 1834. Roman holiday
"occasion on which entertainment or profit is derived from injury or death" is from 1886, originally in ref. to holidays for gladiatorial combat. Roman Catholic
is attested from 1605, originally a conciliatory formation from the time of the Spanish Match, in place of Romanist, Romish
which by that time had the taint of insult in Protestant England.