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morphine

[mawr-feen] /ˈmɔr fin/
noun, Pharmacology
1.
a white, bitter, crystalline alkaloid, C 1 7 H 1 9 NO 3 ⋅H 2 O, the most important narcotic and addictive principle of opium, obtained by extraction and crystallization and used chiefly in medicine as a pain reliever and sedative.
Also, morphia
[mawr-fee-uh] /ˈmɔr fi ə/ (Show IPA)
.
Origin
1820-1830
1820-30; < German Morphin. See Morpheus, -ine2
Related forms
morphinic
[mawr-fin-ik] /mɔrˈfɪn ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for morphinic

morphine

/ˈmɔːfiːn/
noun
1.
an alkaloid extracted from opium: used in medicine as an analgesic and sedative, although repeated use causes addiction. Formula: C17H19NO3
Word Origin
C19: from French, from Morpheus
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for morphinic
morphine
1828, from Fr. morphine or Ger. Morphin (1816), name coined in allusion to L. Morpheus, Ovid's name for the god of dreams, from Gk. morphe "form, shape, beauty, outward appearance," perhaps from PIE *merph-, a possible Gk. root meaning "form," of unknown origin. So called because of the drug's sleep-inducing properties.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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morphinic in Medicine

morphine mor·phine (môr'fēn')
n.
A bitter crystalline alkaloid extracted from opium, the soluble salts of which are used in medicine as an analgesic, a light anesthetic, or a sedative. Also called morphia.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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morphinic in Science
morphine
  (môr'fēn')   
A highly addictive drug derived from opium and used to treat intractable pain, as in severe injury or metastatic cancer.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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morphinic in Culture
morphine [(mawr-feen)]

An addictive drug derived from opium that is used as an analgesic and sedative.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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