a large picture painted or affixed directly on a wall or ceiling.
a greatly enlarged photograph attached directly to a wall.
a wallpaper pattern representing a landscape or the like, often with very widely spaced repeats so as to produce the effect of a mural painting on a wall of average size; a trompe l'oeil.
of, pertaining to, or resembling a wall.
executed on or affixed to a wall: mural inscriptions.
pertaining to any of several astronomical instruments that were affixed to a wall aligned on the plane of a meridian, and were formerly used to measure the altitude of celestial bodies: a mural quadrant; a mural circle.

1400–50; late Middle English < Latin mūrālis, equivalent to mūr(us) wall + -ālis -al1 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
mural (ˈmjʊərəl)
1.  a large painting or picture on a wall
2.  of or relating to a wall
[C15: from Latin mūrālis, from mūrus wall]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1471, "a wall," from M.Fr. muraille, from L. muralia, neut. pl. of muralis "of a wall," from murus "wall" (Old L. moiros, moerus). Mural painting attested from 1850; mural as short for this is from 1921.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

mural mu·ral (myur'əl)
Of or relating to the wall of any cavity.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

mural definition

A painting, usually large, made directly on a wall.

Note: The Mexican artist Diego Rivera was noted for his production of murals.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
They include murals, home and office decoration, fashion and even free-standing
In vivid colors, the murals were sometimes bold and threatening, sometimes
  exquisite and sacred.
Even the walls of the courthouse are enlivened by murals of cattle drives.
The picture palaces, with their murals and chandeliers, then became bingo halls
  or nightclubs.
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