noun, plural murices [myoor-uh-seez] , murexes.
any marine gastropod of the genus Murex, common in tropical seas, certain species of which yield the royal purple dye valued by the ancients.
a shell used as a trumpet, as in representations of Tritons in art.
purplish red.

1580–90; < Neo-Latin, Latin mūrex the shellfish that yielded Tyrian purple dye Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
murex (ˈmjʊərɛks)
n , pl murices
any of various spiny-shelled marine gastropods of the genus Murex and related genera: formerly used as a source of the dye Tyrian purple
[C16: from Latin mūrex purple fish; related to Greek muax sea mussel]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

kind of shellfish which yields a purple dye, 1589, from L. murex (pl. murices), probably cognate with Gk. myax "sea mussel," of unknown origin, perhaps related to mys "mouse" (see muscle and mussel).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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