a heavy, large-caliber smoothbore gun for infantry soldiers, introduced in the 16th century: the predecessor of the modern rifle.
the male sparrow hawk, Accipiter nisus.

1580–90; < Middle French mousquet < Italian moschetto crossbow arrow, later musket, orig. kind of hawk, equivalent to mosch(a) fly (< Latin musca) + -etto -et Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
musket (ˈmʌskɪt)
a long-barrelled muzzle-loading shoulder gun used between the 16th and 18th centuries by infantry soldiers
[C16: from French mousquet, from Italian moschetto arrow, earlier: sparrow hawk, from moscha a fly, from Latin musca]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"firearm for infantry," 1580s, from M.Fr. mousquette, a kind of sparrow-hawk, dim. of mosca "a fly," from L. musca (see midge). The hawk so called either for its size or because it looks speckled when in flight. Early firearms were often given names of beasts (cf. dragoon),
and the equivalent word was used in It. to mean "an arrow for a crossbow." The M.Fr. word was borrowed earlier (early 15c.) in its literal sense of "sparrow-hawk."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
One skull stood out-marked with what appeared to be the entrance wound from a
  musket ball.
The word originally meant a canon shot or volley of musket fire.
If you had enough teeth in your head and could hold a musket, you were fine.
And the pizza war is every bit as brutal as those fought by bow or musket or
  machine gun.
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