serpent. (1.) King of the Ammonites in the time of Saul. The inhabitants of Jabesh-Gilead having been exposed to great danger from Nahash, sent messengers to Gibeah to inform Saul of their extremity. He promptly responded to the call, and gathering together an army he marched against Nahash. "And it came to pass that they which remained were scattered, so that two of them [the Ammonites] were not left together" (1 Sam. 11:1-11). (2.) Another king of the Ammonites of the same name is mentioned, who showed kindness to David during his wanderings (2 Sam. 10:2). On his death David sent an embassy of sympathy to Hanun, his son and successor, at Rabbah Ammon, his capital. The grievous insult which was put upon these ambassadors led to a war against the Ammonites, who, with their allies the Syrians, were completely routed in a battle fought at "the entering in of the gate," probably of Medeba (2 Sam. 10:6-14). Again Hadarezer rallied the Syrian host, which was totally destroyed by the Israelite army under Joab in a decisive battle fought at Helam (2 Sam. 10:17), near to Hamath (1 Chr. 18:3). "So the Syrians feared to help the children of Ammon any more" (2 Sam. 10:19). (3.) The father of Amasa, who was commander-in-chief of Abasolom's army (2 Sam. 17:25). Jesse's wife had apparently been first married to this man, to whom she bore Abigail and Zeruiah, who were thus David's sisters, but only on the mother's side (1 Chr. 2:16).
As long as nahash lived, there was peace between him and David.
nahash, king of the Ammonites, besieged the fortress of Jabesh-Gilead.
That is the serpent that some of us know something about, that is our old enemy nahash.
nahash must have had an uncommonly long reign if Saul reigned more than 22 years.
nahash, the king of Ammon, with whom David had also previously been in relations (p. 136), was succeeded by his son Hanon.
After such a defeat, nahash could not have very friendly feelings to Saul.
The terms which nahash offered to the men of Jabesh-Gilead combined insult and injury.
They were about his own age, and it is not impossible that they were the grandsons of nahash, King of Ammon.
Some of you, at any rate, are sufficiently trained in the inner sciences to know the serpent nahash.
The inhabitants were unable to hold out for long, and negotiated with nahash about a capitulation.