|an arrangement of five objects, as trees, in a square or rectangle, one at each corner and one in the middle.|
|a screen or mat covered with a dark material for shielding a camera lens from excess light or glare.|
city, capital of Al-Najaf muhafazah (governorate), central Iraq. Located about 100 miles (160 km) south of Baghdad, Al-Najaf lies on a ridge just west of the Euphrates River. It is one of Shi'ite Islam's two holy cities (the other being Karbala', also in Iraq) that is widely held to be the resting place of 'Ali ibn Abi Talib-Shi'ite Islam's most revered figure-whose tomb is located near the city's centre
Learn more about Najaf with a free trial on Britannica.com.