|naphtha (ˈnæfθə, ˈnæp-)|
|1.||a distillation product from coal tar boiling in the approximate range 80--170°C and containing aromatic hydrocarbons|
|2.||a distillation product from petroleum boiling in the approximate range 100--200°C and containing aliphatic hydrocarbons: used as a solvent and in petrol|
|3.||an obsolete name for petroleum|
|[C16: via Latin from Greek, of Iranian origin; related to Persian neft naphtha]|
naphtha naph·tha (nāf'thə, nāp'-)
Any of several highly volatile, flammable liquid mixtures of hydrocarbons distilled from petroleum, coal tar, or natural gas and used as solvents and in making various chemicals.
|naphtha (nāf'thə) Pronunciation Key
Any of several liquid mixtures of hydrocarbons made by refining petroleum or by breaking down coal tar. Naphtha is usually flammable, and is used as a solvent and as an ingredient in gasoline. It is also used to make plastics.