native

[ney-tiv]
adjective
1.
being the place or environment in which a person was born or a thing came into being: one's native land.
2.
belonging to a person by birth or to a thing by nature; inherent: native ability; native grace.
3.
belonging by birth to a people regarded as indigenous to a certain place, especially a preliterate people: Native guides accompanied the expedition through the rain forest.
4.
of indigenous origin, growth, or production: native pottery.
5.
of, pertaining to, or characteristic of the indigenous inhabitants of a place or country: native customs; native dress.
6.
born in a particular place or country: a native New Yorker.
7.
of or pertaining to a language acquired by a person before or to the exclusion of any other language: Her native language is Greek.
8.
pertaining to or characteristic of a person using his or her native language: a native speaker of English; native command of a language.
9.
under the rule of natives: a native government.
10.
occupied by natives: the native quarter of Algiers.
11.
remaining or growing in a natural state; unadorned or unchanged: the native beauty of a desert island.
12.
forming the source or origin of a person or thing: He returned to his native Kansas.
13.
originating naturally in a particular country or region, as animals or plants.
14.
found in nature rather than produced artificially, as a mineral substance: the difference between native and industrial diamonds.
15.
Chemistry, Mineralogy. (of metals) occurring in nature pure or uncombined: native copper.
16.
belonging to a person as a birthright: to deprive a person of his native rights.
17.
Computers.
a.
designed for use with a specific type of computer: writing native applications for 32-bit PCs.
b.
internal to a specific application program: to view the file in its native format.
18.
Archaic. closely related, as by birth.
noun
19.
one of the people indigenous to a place or country, especially as distinguished from strangers, foreigners, colonizers, etc.: the natives of Chile.
20.
a person born in a particular place or country: a native of Ohio.
21.
an organism indigenous to a particular region.
22.
British. an oyster reared in British waters, especially in an artificial bed.
23.
Astrology. a person born under a particular planet.
Idioms
24.
go native, Informal. to adopt or affect the manners or way of life of a place or environment that is different from one's own, especially a less developed country: After living on the island for a year, we went native and began to wear the local costume.

Origin:
1325–75; < Latin nātīvus inborn, natural, equivalent to nāt(us) (past participle of nāscī to be born) + -īvus -ive; replacing Middle English natif (adj.) < Middle French < Latin, as above

natively, adverb
nativeness, noun
nonnative, adjective, noun
nonnatively, adverb
nonnativeness, noun
pronative, adjective
quasi-native, adjective
unnative, adjective


2. inherited, innate, inbred, congenital. 4. autochthonous, aboriginal. 11. real, genuine, original. 24. aborigine.


2. acquired. 24. alien.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
native (ˈneɪtɪv)
 
adj (when postpositive, foll by to)
1.  relating or belonging to a person or thing by virtue of conditions existing at the time of birth: my native city
2.  inherent, natural, or innate: a native strength
3.  born in a specified place: a native German
4.  originating in a specific place or area: kangaroos are native to Australia
5.  characteristic of or relating to the indigenous inhabitants of a country or area: the native art of the New Guinea Highlands
6.  (of chemical elements, esp metals) found naturally in the elemental form
7.  unadulterated by civilization, artifice, or adornment; natural
8.  archaic related by birth or race
9.  go native (of a settler) to adopt the lifestyle of the local population, esp when it appears less civilized
 
n
10.  (usually foll by of) a person born in a particular place: a native of Geneva
11.  (usually foll by of) a species originating in a particular place or area: the kangaroo is a native of Australia
12.  a member of an indigenous people of a country or area, esp a non-White people, as opposed to colonial settlers and immigrants
13.  offensive, old-fashioned any non-White
 
[C14: from Latin nātīvus innate, natural, from nascī to be born]
 
usage  Because of its potentially offensive and colonial overtones, native as a noun without qualification is best avoided. It is however acceptable when modified, as in :natives of Edinburgh, or a native of North Carolina
 
'natively
 
adv
 
'nativeness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

native
late 14c., from O.Fr. natif (fem. native), from L. nativus "innate, produced by birth," from natus, pp. of nasci (Old L. gnasci) "be born," related to gignere "beget," from PIE base *gen-/*gn- "produce" (see genus). The noun is mid-15c., originally meaning "person born in
bondage," later (1530s) "person who has always lived in a place." Applied from 1650s to original inhabitants of non-European nations where Europeans hold political power; hence, used contemptuously of "the locals" from 1800.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

native na·tive (nā'tĭv)
adj.

  1. Originating, growing, or produced in a certain place or region; indigenous.

  2. Occurring in nature pure or uncombined with other substances.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
native   (nā'tĭv)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. Living or growing naturally in a particular place or region; indigenous.

  2. Occurring in nature on its own, uncombined with other substances. Copper and gold are often found in native form.

  3. Of or relating to the naturally occurring conformation of a macromolecule, such as a protein.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Because a new study finds that they're actually natives.
Who can be blamed for a narrow range of genetic variation that put natives at
  increased risk.
There are natives worldwide who already practice and have practiced for ages,
  maintaining the natural balance of life.
It's a problem, and the natives are scared by these people.
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