chief town of the nomos (department) of Argolis, in the Peloponnese, Greece, at the head of the Gulf of Argolis. The port, southeast of Argos, sits on the north slope of twin crags; Itche (or Its) Kale (279 feet [85 m]), the western crag, forms a small peninsula in the bay and is the site of a Hellenic fortress, while the much higher Palamidhion (705 feet), with a Venetian castle, dominates the port from the southeast. The tiny island of Bourtzi off Nauplia has a Venetian fortress, the Castel Pasqualigo (1471), which was briefly used as a tourist hotel.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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