|Nazarene (ˌnæzəˈriːn, ˈnæz-)|
|1.||an early name for a Christian (Acts 24:5) or (when preceded by the) for Jesus Christ|
|2.||a member of one of several groups of Jewish-Christians found principally in Syria|
|3.||a member of an association of German artists called the Nazarenes or Brotherhood of St Luke, including Friedrich Overbeck (1789--1869) and Peter von Cornelius (1783--1867), founded (1809) in Vienna to revive German religious art after the examples of the Middle Ages and early Renaissance|
|4.||of or relating to Nazareth or the Nazarenes|
This epithet (Gr. Nazaraios) is applied to Christ only once (Matt. 2:23). In all other cases the word is rendered "of Nazareth" (Mark 1:24; 10:47; 14:67, etc.). When this Greek designation was at first applied to our Lord, it was meant simply to denote the place of his residence. In course of time the word became a term of reproach. Thus the word "Nazarene" carries with it an allusion to those prophecies which speak of Christ as "despised of men" (Isa. 53:3). Some, however, think that in this name there is an allusion to the Hebrew _netser_, which signifies a branch or sprout. It is so applied to the Messiah (Isa. 11:1), i.e., he whom the prophets called the _Netse_, the "Branch." The followers of Christ were called "the sect of Nazarenes" (Acts 24:5). All over Palestine and Syria this name is still given to Christians. (See NAZARETH.)
in the New Testament, a title applied to Jesus and, later, to those who followed his teachings (Acts 24:5). In the Greek text there appear two forms of the word: the simple form, Nazarenos, meaning "of Nazareth," and the peculiar form, Nazoraios. Before its association with the locality, this latter term may have referred to a Jewish sect of "observants," or "devotees," and was later transferred to the Christians
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