negative transfer

noun Psychology.
the obstruction of or interference with new learning because of previous learning, as when a U.S. tourist in England learns to drive on the left side of the road.

1920–25 Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

negative transfer n.
Interference of previous learning in the process of learning something new.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Increasing practice on the original task increases positive transfer, and with
  little practice, negative transfer occurs.
Positive or negative transfer from the native dialect to the target language
  may occur.
Phenomena contributing to negative transfer are investigated, and contributing
  factors to this retroaction are identified.
If there is negative transfer of learning then perhaps warnings should be
  standardized across car manufacturers.
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