neoprene

[nee-uh-preen]
noun Chemistry.
an oil-resistant synthetic rubber: used chiefly in paints, putties, linings for tanks and chemical apparatus, and in crepe soles for shoes.

Origin:
1935–40; neo- + (chloro)prene

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World English Dictionary
neoprene (ˈniːəʊˌpriːn)
 
n
a synthetic rubber obtained by the polymerization of chloroprene. It is resistant to oil and ageing and is used in waterproof products, such as diving suits, paints, and adhesives
 
[C20: from neo- + pr(opyl) + -ene]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
neoprene   (nē'ə-prēn')  Pronunciation Key 
A tough, synthetic rubber that is resistant to the effects of oils, solvents, heat, and weather. Neoprene is a polymer whose basic constituent is chlorinated butadiene. Neoprene was one of the first synthetic rubbers to be developed.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Made from neoprene, nylon and brightly-colored fabrics, they offer protection
  at the expense of style.
The sock is sort of a light neoprene mesh with a thin leather-ish sole.
Included neoprene arm strap keeps case firmly attached.
Lastly, there is a paper bag alternative: the neoprene lunch bag.
Image for neoprene
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