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nepenthe

[ni-pen-thee] /nɪˈpɛn θi/
noun
1.
a drug or drink, or the plant yielding it, mentioned by ancient writers as having the power to bring forgetfulness of sorrow or trouble.
2.
anything inducing a pleasurable sensation of forgetfulness, especially of sorrow or trouble.
Origin
1590-1600
1590-1600; < Latin nēpenthes < Greek nēpenthés herb for soothing, noun use of neuter of nēpenthḗs sorrowless, equivalent to nē- not + pénth(os) sorrow + -ēs adj. suffix
Related forms
nepenthean, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for nepenthe

nepenthe

/nɪˈpɛnθɪ/
noun
1.
a drug, or the plant providing it, that ancient writers referred to as a means of forgetting grief or trouble
2.
anything that produces sleep, forgetfulness, or pleasurable dreaminess
Derived Forms
nepenthean, adjective
Word Origin
C16: via Latin from Greek nēpenthes sedative made from a herb, from nē- not + penthos grief
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for nepenthe
n.

1570s, nepenthes, from Greek nepenthes, from ne- "no, not" (see un-) + penthos "pain, grief," from PIE *kwent(h)- "to suffer" (see pathos). A drug of Egypt mentioned in the "Odyssey" as capable of banishing grief or trouble from the mind. The -s is a proper part of the word, but likely was mistaken in English as a plural affix and dropped.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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