nepenthean

nepenthe

[ni-pen-thee]
noun
1.
a drug or drink, or the plant yielding it, mentioned by ancient writers as having the power to bring forgetfulness of sorrow or trouble.
2.
anything inducing a pleasurable sensation of forgetfulness, especially of sorrow or trouble.

Origin:
1590–1600; < Latin nēpenthes < Greek nēpenthés herb for soothing, noun use of neuter of nēpenthḗs sorrowless, equivalent to nē- not + pénth(os) sorrow + -ēs adj. suffix

nepenthean, adjective
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World English Dictionary
nepenthe (nɪˈpɛnθɪ)
 
n
1.  a drug, or the plant providing it, that ancient writers referred to as a means of forgetting grief or trouble
2.  anything that produces sleep, forgetfulness, or pleasurable dreaminess
 
[C16: via Latin from Greek nēpenthes sedative made from a herb, from nē- not + penthos grief]
 
ne'penthean
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

nepenthe
1580, nepenthes, from Gk., from ne- "no, not" (see un-) + penthos "grief" (related to pathos). A drug of Egypt mentioned in the "Odyssey" as capable of banishing grief or trouble from the mind. The -s is a proper part of the word, but was likely mistaken in Eng. as a plural affix and dropped.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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