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nettle

[net-l] /ˈnɛt l/
noun
1.
any plant of the genus Urtica, covered with stinging hairs.
Compare nettle family.
2.
any of various allied or similar plants.
verb (used with object), nettled, nettling.
3.
to irritate, annoy, or provoke.
4.
to sting as a nettle does.
Idioms
5.
grasp the nettle, Australian. to undertake or tackle an unpleasant task.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English; Old English netele (noun); cognate with Dutch netel, German Nessel, Norwegian netla
Related forms
nettlelike, adjective
nettler, noun
nettly, adjective
unnettled, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for nettled
  • Twain was often nettled by the contrary suggestion, that he was playing the comic when in fact he was attempting to be serious.
  • nettled at thus being foiled, the fence breaker set himself for the next.
British Dictionary definitions for nettled

nettle

/ˈnɛtəl/
noun
1.
any weedy plant of the temperate urticaceous genus Urtica, such as U. dioica (stinging nettle), having serrated leaves with stinging hairs and greenish flowers
2.
any of various other urticaceous plants with stinging hairs or spines
3.
any of various plants that resemble urticaceous nettles, such as the dead-nettle, hemp nettle, and horse nettle
4.
grasp the nettle, to attempt or approach something with boldness and courage
verb (transitive)
5.
to bother; irritate
6.
to sting as a nettle does
Derived Forms
nettle-like, adjective
nettly, adjective
Word Origin
Old English netele; related to Old High German nazza (German Nessel)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for nettled
adj.

"vexed, irritated," c.1400, figurative adjectival use of past participle of nettle (v.).

nettle

n.

stinging plant, Old English netele, from Proto-Germanic *natilon (cf. Old Saxon netila, Middle Dutch netele, Dutch netel, German Nessel, M.Da. nædlæ "nettle"), diminutive of *naton, perhaps from PIE root *ned- "to twist, knot" (see net (n.)). "[N]ettles or plants of closely related genera such as hemp were used as a source of fiber" [Watkins].

v.

c.1400, "to beat with nettles," from nettle (n.). Figurative sense of "irritate, provoke" is from 1560s. Related: Nettled; nettling.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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nettled in the Bible

(1.) Heb. haral, "pricking" or "burning," Prov. 24:30, 31 (R.V. marg., "wild vetches"); Job 30:7; Zeph. 2:9. Many have supposed that some thorny or prickly plant is intended by this word, such as the bramble, the thistle, the wild plum, the cactus or prickly pear, etc. It may probably be a species of mustard, the Sinapis arvensis, which is a pernicious weed abounding in corn-fields. Tristram thinks that this word "designates the prickly acanthus (Acanthus spinosus), a very common and troublesome weed in the plains of Palestine." (2.) Heb. qimmosh, Isa. 34:13; Hos. 9:6; Prov. 24:31 (in both versions, "thorns"). This word has been regarded as denoting thorns, thistles, wild camomile; but probably it is correctly rendered "nettle," the Urtica pilulifera, "a tall and vigorous plant, often 6 feet high, the sting of which is much more severe and irritating than that of our common nettle."

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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