neuroscience

[noor-oh-sahy-uhns, nyoor-]
noun
the field of study encompassing the various scientific disciplines dealing with the structure, development, function, chemistry, pharmacology, and pathology of the nervous system.

Origin:
1960–65; neuro- + science

neuroscientific, adjective
neuroscientist, noun
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Collins
World English Dictionary
neuroscience (ˈnjʊərəʊˌsaɪəns)
 
n
the study of the anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology of the nervous system
 
'neuroscientist
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

neuroscience neu·ro·sci·ence (nur'ō-sī'əns, nyur'-)
n.
Any of the sciences, such as neuroanatomy and neurobiology, that deal with the nervous system.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
But one of the biggest discoveries in neuroscience in the past few decades is
  that the brain is remarkably plastic.
It introduces readers to new information in brain science, the history of
  neuroscience, and examples of brain-imaging techniques.
The technology involves a complicated marriage of neuroscience and physics.
Computer science will play a fundamental role in the future of genetics and
  neuroscience.
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