city, seat (1819) of Floyd county, southeastern Indiana, U.S. It lies along the Ohio River (bridged) opposite Louisville, Ky. It was founded in 1813 by Joel, Abner, and Nathaniel Scribner, who named the settlement for Albany, N.Y. By the 1840s and early '50s New Albany had become the largest city in Indiana and, because of its location just below the Falls of the Ohio and near abundant forests, an important steamboat-building centre (the famous riverboats Robert E. Lee and Eclipse were built there). The modern city's diversified manufactures include plastics, machinery, metal products, plywood, veneer, electronic equipment, fertilizer, and textiles. Indiana University Southeast (1941) is in the city. The boyhood home (built c. 1830) in New Albany of poet-dramatist William Vaughn Moody is preserved, as are the Scribner House (1814) and the Culbertson Mansion (1867-69), the former home (now a state historic site) of William S. Culbertson, a wealthy citizen. Falls of the Ohio State Park, in the adjacent community of Clarksville, contains extensive fossil beds. Clark State Forest is about 15 miles (25 km) northeast. Inc. city, 1839. Pop. (2000) 37,603; (2005 est.) 36,772.
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