|Hong Kong (ˌhɒŋ ˈkɒŋ)|
|1.||a Special Administrative Region of China, in the south of the country, with some autonomy; formerly a British Crown Colony: consists of Hong Kong Island, leased by China to Britain from 1842 until 1997, Kowloon Peninsula, Stonecutters Island, the New Territories (mainland), leased by China in 1898 for a 99-year period, and over 230 small islands; important entrepôt trade and manufacturing centre, esp for textiles and other consumer goods; university (1912). It retains its own currency, the Hong Kong dollar. Administrative centre: Victoria. Pop: 7 182 000 (2005 est). Area: 1046 sq km (404 sq miles)|
|2.||an island in Hong Kong region, south of Kowloon Peninsula: contains the capital, Victoria. Pop: 1 337 800 (2001). Area: 75 sq km (29 sq miles)|
Note: China ceded the island of Hong Kong to Britain in the nineteenth century. Hong Kong was returned to Chinese rule in 1997, when Britain's lease expired.
Note: One of the world's leading commercial centers, Hong Kong is home to many international corporate offices and a world-famous tailoring industry. China has given assurances that it will maintain Hong Kong's capitalistic (see capitalism) and democratic (see democracy) institutions.
part of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, southeastern China. It comprises the northern portion of the Kowloon Peninsula from Mirs Bay (Dapeng Wan) on the east to Deep Bay (Shenzhen, or Houhai, Wan), an inlet of the Pearl River Delta, on the west and includes Lantau (Lantao) and other islands. Historically, New Territories also once included the so-called New Kowloon, an area currently considered to be administratively part of the Kowloon area's urban districts north of Boundary Street
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