newline definition character, jargon
/n[y]oo'li:n/ Line feed
or other character sequence used to terminate a line of text. Unix
uses line feed
as its text line terminator - a Bell-Labs-ism rather than a Berkeley
ism. Interestingly (and unusually for Unix jargon), it is said to have originally been an IBM
usage. Though the term "newline" appears in ASCII standards
, it never caught on in the general computing world before Unix
. The encoding of line feed as "\n" in C
strings comes from this name.
The term has been used more generally for any end of line
character, character sequence (e.g. crlf
), or operation (like Pascal
's writeln procedure or Lisp 1.5
) required to terminate a text record or separate lines.