nicholas i, saint

Nicholas I

Saint ("Nicholas the Great") died a.d. 867, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 858–867.
1796–1855, czar of Russia 1825–55. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Nicholas I
1.  Saint, called the Great. died 867 ad, Italian ecclesiastic; pope (858--867). He championed papal supremacy. Feast day: Nov 13
2.  1796--1855, tsar of Russia (1825--55). He gained notoriety for his autocracy and his emphasis on military discipline and bureaucracy

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica

nicholas i, saint

pope from 858 to 867, master theorist of papal power, considered to have been the most forceful of the early medieval pontiffs, whose pontificate was the most important of the Carolingian period and prepared the way for the 11th-century reform popes.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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