British Dictionary definitions for nightingale lady with the lamp
a brownish European songbird, Luscinia megarhynchos, with a broad reddish-brown tail: well known for its musical song, usually heard at night
any of various similar or related birds, such as Luscinia luscinia (thrush nightingale)
Old English nihtegale, literally: night-singer, from night + galan to sing
Florence, known as the Lady with the Lamp. 1820–1910, English nurse, famous for her work during the Crimean War. She helped to raise the status and quality of the nursing profession and founded a training school for nurses in London (1860)
Word Origin and History for nightingale lady with the lamp
O.E. næctigalæ, compound formed in P.Gmc. (cf. Du. nachtegaal, Ger. Nachtigall) from *nakht- "night" (see night) + *galon "to sing," related to O.E. giellan "yell" (see yell). With parasitic -n- that appeared mid-13c. Dutch nightingale "frog" is attested from 1769. In Japanese, "nightingale floor" is said to be the term for boards that creak when you walk on them.