nit-ration

nitrate

[n. nahy-treyt, -trit; v. nahy-treyt]
noun
1.
Chemistry. a salt or ester of nitric acid, or any compound containing the univalent group –ONO 2 or NO 3 .
2.
fertilizer consisting of potassium nitrate or sodium nitrate.
3.
cellulose nitrate, a substance used as a film base in the early days of filmmaking.
4.
Informal. nitrate film.
verb (used with object), nitrated, nitrating.
5.
to treat with nitric acid or a nitrate.
6.
to convert into a nitrate.

Origin:
1785–95; nitr- + -ate2

nitration, noun
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World English Dictionary
nitrate (ˈnaɪtreɪt)
 
n
1.  any salt or ester of nitric acid, such as sodium nitrate, NaNO3
2.  a fertilizer consisting of or containing nitrate salts
 
vb
3.  (tr) to treat with nitric acid or a nitrate
4.  to convert or be converted into a nitrate
5.  to undergo or cause to undergo the chemical process in which a nitro group is introduced into a molecule
 
ni'tration
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

nitrate ni·trate (nī'trāt', -trĭt)
n.

  1. The univalent radical NO3.

  2. A compound containing such a radical, such as a salt or ester of nitric acid.

v. ni·trat·ed, ni·trat·ing, ni·trates
To treat with nitric acid or a nitrate, usually to change an organic compound into a nitrate.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
nitrate   (nī'trāt')  Pronunciation Key 
A salt or ester of nitric acid, containing the group NO3. Nitrates dissolve extremely easily in water and are an important component of the nitrogen cycle. Compare nitrite.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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