follow Dictionary.com

11 Trending Words of 2014

nitrate

[n. nahy-treyt, -trit; v. nahy-treyt] /n. ˈnaɪ treɪt, -trɪt; v. ˈnaɪ treɪt/
noun
1.
Chemistry. a salt or ester of nitric acid, or any compound containing the univalent group –ONO 2 or NO 3 .
2.
fertilizer consisting of potassium nitrate or sodium nitrate.
3.
cellulose nitrate, a substance used as a film base in the early days of filmmaking.
4.
Informal. nitrate film.
verb (used with object), nitrated, nitrating.
5.
to treat with nitric acid or a nitrate.
6.
to convert into a nitrate.
Origin
1785-1795
1785-95; nitr- + -ate2
Related forms
nitration, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source
Examples from the web for nitrates
  • Ammonia gets converted into nitrites and nitrates, which when sprinkled onto plants, allow them to grow larger.
  • It should be noted that algae growth happens in the presents of nitrates and phosphates, usually found in agricultural runoff.
  • The nitrates and other minerals can easily be recaptured and reprocessed by plants into a useable medium.
  • During this unit students will be testing their tap water for chlorine and nitrates.
  • These chemicals include nitrates and phosphates, which are often used as fertilizers.
  • Excess nitrates can choke freshwater ecosystems nutrient: noun: substance an organism needs for energy, growth, and life.
  • nitrates can have many side effects, some of which can be serious.
  • Your doctor may prescribe long-acting nitrates along with the calcium channel blockers.
  • nitrates and nitrites are nitrogen-oxygen chemical units which combine with various organic and inorganic compounds.
  • Farmers advised to test alternative cattle feed for nitrates.
British Dictionary definitions for nitrates

nitrate

/ˈnaɪtreɪt/
noun
1.
any salt or ester of nitric acid, such as sodium nitrate, NaNO3
2.
a fertilizer consisting of or containing nitrate salts
verb
3.
(transitive) to treat with nitric acid or a nitrate
4.
to convert or be converted into a nitrate
5.
to undergo or cause to undergo the chemical process in which a nitro group is introduced into a molecule
Derived Forms
nitration, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for nitrates

nitrate

n.

1794, from French nitrate (1787) or formed in English from nitre + -ate (3). Related: Nitrates.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
nitrates in Medicine

nitrate ni·trate (nī'trāt', -trĭt)
n.

  1. The univalent radical NO3.

  2. A compound containing such a radical, such as a salt or ester of nitric acid.

v. ni·trat·ed, ni·trat·ing, ni·trates
To treat with nitric acid or a nitrate, usually to change an organic compound into a nitrate.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
nitrates in Science
nitrate
  (nī'trāt')   
A salt or ester of nitric acid, containing the group NO3. Nitrates dissolve extremely easily in water and are an important component of the nitrogen cycle. Compare nitrite.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for nitrate

All English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for nitrates

8
9
Scrabble Words With Friends

Quotes with nitrates

Nearby words for nitrates