nitric acid

noun Chemistry.
a colorless or yellowish, fuming, suffocating, caustic, corrosive, water-soluble liquid, HNO 3 , having powerful oxidizing properties, usually obtained from ammonia or from Chile saltpeter: used chiefly in the manufacture of explosives and fertilizers and in organic synthesis.
Also called aqua fortis.


Origin:
1785–95

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World English Dictionary
nitric acid
 
n
Former name: aqua fortis a colourless or yellowish fuming corrosive liquid usually used in aqueous solution. It is an oxidizing agent and a strong monobasic acid: important in the manufacture of fertilizers, explosives, and many other chemicals. Formula: HNO3

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

nitric acid ni·tric acid (nī'trĭk)
n.
A transparent, colorless to yellowish, fuming corrosive liquid that is a highly reactive oxidizing agent.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
nitric acid  
A clear, colorless to yellow liquid that is very corrosive and can dissolve most metals. It is used to make fertilizers, explosives, dyes, and rocket fuels. Chemical formula: HNO3.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Nitrogen oxides react in the atmosphere to create nitric acid, which collects in clouds and water droplets and falls as acid rain.
Oxalic acid is made commercially by treating either sugar with nitric acid or cellulose with sodium hydroxide.
The use of a salting out agents such as ammonium nitrate in the case of an aqueous nitric acid solution is advantageous.
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