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nitric acid

noun, Chemistry
1.
a colorless or yellowish, fuming, suffocating, caustic, corrosive, water-soluble liquid, HNO 3 , having powerful oxidizing properties, usually obtained from ammonia or from Chile saltpeter: used chiefly in the manufacture of explosives and fertilizers and in organic synthesis.
Also called aqua fortis.
Origin
1785-1795
1785-95
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for nitric acid
  • Nitrogen oxides react in the atmosphere to create nitric acid, which collects in clouds and water droplets and falls as acid rain.
  • Oxalic acid is made commercially by treating either sugar with nitric acid or cellulose with sodium hydroxide.
  • The use of a salting out agents such as ammonium nitrate in the case of an aqueous nitric acid solution is advantageous.
British Dictionary definitions for nitric acid

nitric acid

noun
1.
a colourless or yellowish fuming corrosive liquid usually used in aqueous solution. It is an oxidizing agent and a strong monobasic acid: important in the manufacture of fertilizers, explosives, and many other chemicals. Formula: HNO3 Former name aqua fortis
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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nitric acid in Medicine

nitric acid ni·tric acid (nī'trĭk)
n.
A transparent, colorless to yellowish, fuming corrosive liquid that is a highly reactive oxidizing agent.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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nitric acid in Science
nitric acid  
A clear, colorless to yellow liquid that is very corrosive and can dissolve most metals. It is used to make fertilizers, explosives, dyes, and rocket fuels. Chemical formula: HNO3.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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