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nitric oxide

noun, Chemistry
1.
a colorless, slightly water-soluble gas, NO, formed by the action of dilute nitric acid on copper, and by the direct combination of atmospheric oxygen and nitrogen at the high temperatures of an electric arc: an intermediate in the manufacture of nitric acid.
Origin
1800-1810
1800-10
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for nitric oxide
  • It breaks down to form nitric oxide that relaxes the constricted vessels causing the pain.
  • These include nitric oxide, which helps to dilate blood vessels and increase blood flow, reducing the risk of clot formation.
  • In the kudzu-ed areas, he says, nitric oxide emissions were double that of the kudzu-free areas.
  • These bacteria set the normal basal nitric oxide level by oxidizing the ammonia in sweat into nitric oxide and nitrite.
  • But the engines would have produced nitric oxide, which chemists knew destroys ozone.
  • Alterations in nitric oxide physiology can have a profound effect on brain function.
  • The two enzymes work in tandem to regulate the production of nitric oxide, a gas that relaxes blood vessels.
  • These drugs release nitric oxide, thereby relaxing the smooth muscles in blood vessels.
  • The addition of nitric oxide, a gas that dilates blood vessels, may offer additional benefits.
  • The discovery follows a finding that another simple gas, nitric oxide, can also signal nerve cells.
British Dictionary definitions for nitric oxide

nitric oxide

noun
1.
a colourless slightly soluble gas forming red fumes of nitrogen dioxide in air. Formula: NO Systematic name nitrogen monoxide
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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nitric oxide in Science
nitric oxide  
A colorless, poisonous gas produced as an intermediate compound during the manufacture of nitric acid from ammonia or from atmospheric nitrogen. It is also produced through cellular metabolism. In the body, nitric oxide is involved in oxygen transport to the tissues, the transmission of nerve impulses, and other physiological activities. Chemical formula: NO.

Our Living Language  : While nitric oxide (NO) was once regarded solely as a poisonous air pollutant, responsible for the formation of photochemical smog and acid rain leading to the destruction of the ozone layer, today it is also appreciated as a molecule essential to human health. Nitric oxide is the first gas discovered to act as a signaling molecule, a transmitter of important signals to cells in various systems of the human body. Even though NO continues to be detrimental to the environment, it was heralded as Science Magazine's Molecule of the Year in 1992, and the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine was awarded in 1998 to the three scientists who discovered that NO works as a signaling molecule in the cardiovascular system. It is now known that the cells of a blood vessel's inner walls use NO to signal the vessel to relax and dilate, increasing blood flow. Nitroglycerin, whose effectiveness in treating heart problems was once a mystery, is now known to work by releasing NO. NO has a variety of other important biological functions, including destroying bacteria within the immune system and acting as a neurotransmitter.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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