|a prize for outstanding contributions to chemistry, physics, physiology or medicine, literature, economics, and peace that may be awarded annually. It was established in 1901, the prize for economics being added in 1969. The recipients are chosen by an international committee centred in Sweden, except for the peace prize which is awarded in Oslo by a committee of the Norwegian parliament|
Prizes given annually for achievement in physics, chemistry, literature, peace, economics, and medicine and physiology. The prizes were founded by a Swedish munitions maker, Alfred Nobel, and are considered a mark of worldwide leadership in the fields in which they are given. Nobel winners, called Nobel laureates, receive their prizes in ceremonies in Stockholm, Sweden, except for the peace prize, which is presented in Oslo, Norway.