1325–75; Middle English replicacioun < Middle French replication < Latin replicātiōn- (stem of replicātiō) a rolling back, equivalent to replicāt(us) (see replicate) + -iōn- -ion

nonreplication, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
replication (ˌrɛplɪˈkeɪʃən)
1.  a reply or response
2.  law (formerly) the plaintiff's reply to a defendant's answer or plea
3.  biology the production of exact copies of complex molecules, such as DNA molecules, that occurs during growth of living organisms
4.  repetition of a procedure, such as a scientific experiment, in order to reduce errors
5.  a less common word for replica
[C14: via Old French from Latin replicātiō a folding back, from replicāre to unroll; see reply]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., "action of folding back," also "legal reply, rejoinder," from Anglo-Fr. replicacioun, O.Fr. replication, from L. replicationem (nom. replicatio) "a reply, repetition, a folding back," from replicatus, pp. of replicare "to repeat, reply," lit. "to fold back" (see
reply). Meaning "copy, reproduction" first recorded 1690s. Replicate "to make a replica of" is from 1882; specifically of genetic material from 1957.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

replication rep·li·ca·tion (rěp'lĭ-kā'shən)

  1. The act or process of duplicating or reproducing something.

  2. Autoreproduction.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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