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affectation

[af-ek-tey-shuh n] /ˌæf ɛkˈteɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
an effort to appear to have a quality not really or fully possessed; the pretense of actual possession:
an affectation of interest in art; affectation of great wealth.
2.
conspicuous artificiality of manner or appearance; effort to attract notice by pretense, assumption, or any assumed peculiarity.
3.
a trait, action, or expression characterized by such artificiality:
a man of a thousand affectations.
4.
Obsolete.
  1. strenuous pursuit, desire, or aspiration.
  2. affection; fondness:
    his affectation of literature.
Origin
1540-1550
1540-50; < Latin affectātiōn- (stem of affectātiō) a striving after, equivalent to affectāt(us), past participle of affectāre to affect2 (see -ate1) + -iōn- -ion
Related forms
nonaffectation, noun
Can be confused
affectation, affection.
Synonyms
2. pretension, airs, mannerisms, pose.
Antonyms
2. artlessness, simplicity, sincerity.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for nonaffectation

affectation

/ˌæfɛkˈteɪʃən/
noun
1.
an assumed manner of speech, dress, or behaviour, esp one that is intended to impress others
2.
(often foll by of) deliberate pretence or false display: affectation of nobility
Word Origin
C16: from Latin affectātiōn- an aiming at, striving after, from affectāre; see affect²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for nonaffectation

affectation

n.

"studied display," 1540s, from French affectation (16c.) or directly from Latin affectationem (nominative affectatio) "a striving after, a claiming," noun of action from past participle stem of affectare "to strive for" (see affect (v.2)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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