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capitulation

[kuh-pich-uh-ley-shuh n] /kəˌpɪtʃ əˈleɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
the act of capitulating.
2.
the document containing the terms of a surrender.
3.
a list of the headings or main divisions of a subject; a summary or enumeration.
4.
Often, capitulations. a treaty or agreement by which subjects of one country residing or traveling in another are extended extraterritorial rights or special privileges, especially such a treaty between a European country and the former Ottoman rulers of Turkey.
Origin
1525-1535
1525-35; < Medieval Latin capitulātiōn- (stem of capitulātiō). See capitulate, -ion
Related forms
capitulatory
[kuh-pich-uh-luh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] /kəˈpɪtʃ ə ləˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i/ (Show IPA),
adjective
noncapitulation, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for noncapitulation

capitulation

/kəˌpɪtjʊˈleɪʃən/
noun
1.
the act of capitulating
2.
a document containing terms of surrender
3.
a statement summarizing the main divisions of a subject
Derived Forms
capitulatory, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for noncapitulation

capitulation

n.

1530s, "an agreement," from Middle French capitulation, noun of action from capituler "agree on specified terms," from Medieval Latin capitulare "to draw up in heads or chapters, arrange conditions," from capitulum "chapter," in classical Latin "heading," literally "a little head," diminutive of caput (genitive capitis) "head" (see capitulum). Meaning narrowed by mid-17c. to "make terms of surrender."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for noncapitulation

capitulation

in the history of international law, any treaty whereby one state permitted another to exercise extraterritorial jurisdiction over its own nationals within the former state's boundaries. The term is to be distinguished from the military term "capitulation," an agreement for surrender. There was no element of surrender in the early capitulations made by European rulers with the powerful Turkish sultans who were motivated by a desire to avoid the burden of administering justice to foreign merchants. Later capitulations, which in the case of China and other Asian states resulted from military pressure by European states, came to be regarded as (and, in effect, were) humiliating derogations from the sovereignty and equality of these states.

Learn more about capitulation with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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