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citation

[sahy-tey-shuh n] /saɪˈteɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
Military. mention of a soldier or a unit in orders, usually for gallantry:
She recieved a presidential citation.
2.
any award or commendation, as for outstanding service, hard work, or devotion to duty, especially a formal letter or statement recounting a person's achievements.
3.
a summons, especially to appear in court.
4.
a document containing such a summons.
5.
the act of citing or quoting a reference to an authority or a precedent.
6.
a passage cited; quotation.
7.
Also, cite. a quotation showing a particular word or phrase in context.
8.
Also, cite. mention or enumeration.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English citacio(u)n < Late Latin citātiōn- (stem of citātiō), equivalent to Latin citāt(us) past participle of citāre (see cite1) + -iōn- -ion
Related forms
citational, adjective
noncitation, noun
precitation, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for noncitation

citation

/saɪˈteɪʃən/
noun
1.
the quoting of a book or author in support of a fact
2.
a passage or source cited for this purpose
3.
a listing or recounting, as of facts
4.
an official commendation or award, esp for bravery or outstanding service, work, etc, usually in the form of a formal statement made in public
5.
(law)
  1. an official summons to appear in court
  2. the document containing such a summons
6.
(law) the quoting of decided cases to serve as guidance to a court
Derived Forms
citatory (ˈsaɪtətərɪ; -trɪ) adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for noncitation

citation

n.

c.1300, "summons, written notice to appear," from Old French citation or directly from Latin citationem (nominative citatio) "a command," noun of action from past participle stem of citare "to summon, urge, call; put in sudden motion, call forward; rouse, excite" (see cite). Meaning "passage cited, quotation" is from 1540s. From 1918 as "a mention in an official dispatch."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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