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expiation

[ek-spee-ey-shuh n] /ˌɛk spiˈeɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
the act of expiating.
2.
the means by which atonement or reparation is made.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English expiacioun < Latin expiātiōn- (stem of expiātiō) atonement, satisfaction. See expiate, -ion
Related forms
expiational, adjective
nonexpiation, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for nonexpiation

expiation

/ˌɛkspɪˈeɪʃən/
noun
1.
the act, process, or a means of expiating; atonement
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for nonexpiation

expiation

n.

early 15c., via Middle French expiation or directly from Latin expiationem (nominative expiatio) "satisfaction, atonement," noun of action from past participle stem of expiare "make amends," from ex- "completely" (see ex-) + piare "propitiate, appease," from pius "faithful, loyal, devout" (see pious).

The sacrifice of expiation is that which tendeth to appease the wrath of God. [Thomas Norton, translation of Calvin's "Institutes of Christian Religion," 1561]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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nonexpiation in the Bible

Guilt is said to be expiated when it is visited with punishment falling on a substitute. Expiation is made for our sins when they are punished not in ourselves but in another who consents to stand in our room. It is that by which reconciliation is effected. Sin is thus said to be "covered" by vicarious satisfaction. The cover or lid of the ark is termed in the LXX. hilasterion, that which covered or shut out the claims and demands of the law against the sins of God's people, whereby he became "propitious" to them. The idea of vicarious expiation runs through the whole Old Testament system of sacrifices. (See PROPITIATION.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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