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indurate

[v. in-doo-reyt, -dyoo-; adj. in-doo-rit, -dyoo-; in-doo r-it, -dyoo r-] /v. ˈɪn dʊˌreɪt, -dyʊ-; adj. ˈɪn dʊ rɪt, -dyʊ-; ɪnˈdʊər ɪt, -ˈdyʊər-/
verb (used with object), indurated, indurating.
1.
to make hard; harden, as rock, tissue, etc.:
Cold indurates the soil.
2.
to make callous, stubborn, or unfeeling:
transgressions that indurate the heart.
3.
to inure; accustom:
to indurate oneself to privation and suffering.
4.
to make enduring; confirm; establish:
to indurate custom through practice.
verb (used without object), indurated, indurating.
5.
to become hard; harden.
6.
to become established or confirmed.
adjective
7.
hardened; unfeeling; callous; inured.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English indurat < Latin indūrātus past participle of indūrāre to harden. See in-2, dure1, -ate1
Related forms
nonindurated, adjective
semi-indurate, adjective
semi-indurated, adjective
unindurate, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for nonindurated

indurate

verb (ˈɪndjʊˌreɪt)
1.
to make or become hard or callous
2.
to make or become hardy
adjective (ˈɪndjʊrɪt)
3.
hardened, callous, or unfeeling
Derived Forms
induration, noun
indurative, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Latin indūrāre to make hard; see endure
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for nonindurated

indurate

v.

1530s, from Latin induratus, past participle of indurare "to make hard, harden" (see endure). Related: Indurated.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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