an open place or a covered building where buyers and sellers convene for the sale of goods; a marketplace: a farmers' market.
a store for the sale of food: a meat market.
a meeting of people for selling and buying.
the assemblage of people at such a meeting.
trade or traffic, especially as regards a particular commodity: the market in cotton.
a body of persons carrying on extensive transactions in a specified commodity: the cotton market.
the field of trade or business: the best shoes in the market.
demand for a commodity: an unprecedented market for leather.
a body of existing or potential buyers for specific goods or services: the health-food market.
a region in which goods and services are bought, sold, or used: the foreign market; the New England market.
current price or value: a rising market for shoes.
verb (used without object)
to buy or sell in a market; deal.
to buy food and provisions for the home.
verb (used with object)
to carry or send to market for disposal: to market produce every week.
to dispose of in a market; sell.
at the market, at the prevailing price in the open market.
in the market for, ready to buy; interested in buying: I'm in the market for a new car.
on the market, for sale; available: Fresh asparagus will be on the market this week.

1100–1150; Middle English, late Old English < Vulgar Latin *marcātus, Latin mercātus trading, traffic, market

marketer, noun
multimarket, adjective
nonmarket, noun, adjective
premarket, verb
remarket, verb (used with object)
submarket, noun
undermarket, verb (used with object)
unmarketed, adjective
well-marketed, adjective

16. vend, merchandise, peddle. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
market (ˈmɑːkɪt)
1.  a.  an event or occasion, usually held at regular intervals, at which people meet for the purpose of buying and selling merchandise
 b.  (as modifier): market day
2.  a place, such as an open space in a town, at which a market is held
3.  a shop that sells a particular merchandise: an antique market
4.  the market business or trade in a commodity as specified: the sugar market
5.  the trading or selling opportunities provided by a particular group of people: the foreign market
6.  demand for a particular product or commodity: there is no market for furs here
7.  See stock market
8.  market price See market value
9.  at market at the current price
10.  be in the market for to wish to buy or acquire
11.  on the market available for purchase
12.  play the market
 a.  to speculate on a stock exchange
 b.  to act aggressively or unscrupulously in one's own commercial interests
13.  buyer's market a market characterized by excess supply and thus favourable to buyers
14.  seller's market a market characterized by excess demand and thus favourable to sellers
vb , -kets, -keting, -keted
15.  (tr) to offer or produce for sale
16.  (intr) to buy or deal in a market
[C12: from Latin mercātus; from mercāri to trade, from merx merchandise]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

mid-12c., "a meeting at a fixed time for buying and selling livestock and provisions," from O.N.Fr. market (O.Fr. marchiet, Fr. marché), from L. mercatus "trading, trade, market" (cf. It. mercato, Sp. mercado), from pp. of mercari "to trade, deal in, buy," from merx (gen. mercis) "wares, merchandise,"
from Italic root *merk-, possibly from Etruscan, referring to various aspects of economics. Meaning "public building or space where markets are held" first attested mid-13c. Sense of "sales, as controlled by supply and demand" is from 1680s. The verb is 1630s, from the noun. Market value (1690s) first attested in writings of John Locke. Market economy is from 1951; market research is from 1926.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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