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perpetual

[per-pech-oo-uh l] /pərˈpɛtʃ u əl/
adjective
1.
continuing or enduring forever; everlasting.
2.
lasting an indefinitely long time:
perpetual snow.
3.
continuing or continued without intermission or interruption; ceaseless:
a perpetual stream of visitors all day.
4.
blooming almost continuously throughout the season or the year.
noun
5.
a hybrid rose that is perpetual.
6.
a perennial plant.
Origin
late Middle English
1300-1350
1300-50; late Middle English perpetuall < Latin perpetuālis permanent, equivalent to perpetu(us) uninterrupted (per- per- + pet-, base of petere to seek, reach for + -uus deverbal adj. suffix) + -ālis -al1; replacing Middle English perpetuel < Middle French < Latin as above
Related forms
perpetuality, perpetualness, noun
perpetually, adverb
nonperpetual, adjective
nonperpetually, adverb
quasi-perpetual, adjective
quasi-perpetually, adverb
Synonyms
1. permanent, enduring. See eternal. 3. continuous, incessant, constant, unending, uninterrupted.
Antonyms
1. temporary. 3. discontinuous.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for nonperpetual

perpetual

/pəˈpɛtjʊəl/
adjective
1.
(usually prenominal) eternal; permanent
2.
(usually prenominal) seemingly ceaseless because often repeated: your perpetual complaints
3.
(horticulture) blooming throughout the growing season or year
noun
4.
(of a crop plant) continually producing edible parts: perpetual spinach
5.
a plant that blooms throughout the growing season
Derived Forms
perpetually, adverb
Word Origin
C14: via Old French from Latin perpetuālis universal, from perpes continuous, from per- (thoroughly) + petere to go towards
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for nonperpetual

perpetual

adj.

mid-14c., from Old French perpetuel "without end" (12c.) and directly from Latin perpetualis "universal," in Medieval Latin "permanent," from perpetuus "continuous, universal," from perpetis, genitive of Old Latin perpes "lasting," probably from per- "through" + root of petere "to seek, go to, aim at" (see petition (n.)). Related: Perpetually. Perpetual motion is attested from 1590s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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