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recluse

[n. rek-loos, ri-kloos; adj. ri-kloos, rek-loos] /n. ˈrɛk lus, rɪˈklus; adj. rɪˈklus, ˈrɛk lus/
noun
1.
a person who lives in seclusion or apart from society, often for religious meditation.
2.
Also, incluse. a religious voluntary immured in a cave, hut, or the like, or one remaining within a cell for life.
adjective, recluse, Also, reclusive
3.
shut off or apart from the world; living in seclusion, often for religious reasons.
4.
characterized by seclusion; solitary.
Origin
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English < Old French reclus < Late Latin reclūsus, past participle of reclūdere to shut up, equivalent to re- re- + -clūd-, combining form of claudere to close + -tus past participle suffix, with dt > s
Related forms
nonreclusive, adjective
unrecluse, adjective
unreclusive, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for nonreclusive

recluse

/rɪˈkluːs/
noun
1.
a person who lives in seclusion
2.
a person who lives in solitude to devote himself to prayer and religious meditation; a hermit, anchorite, or anchoress
adjective
3.
solitary; retiring
Derived Forms
reclusion (rɪˈkluːʒən) noun
reclusive, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French reclus, from Late Latin reclūdere to shut away, from Latin re- + claudere to close
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for nonreclusive

recluse

n.

c.1200, "person shut up from the world for purposes of religious meditation," from Old French reclus (fem. recluse) "hermit, recluse," also "confinement, prison; convent, monastery," noun use of reclus (adj.) "shut up," from Late Latin reclusus, past participle of recludere "to shut up, enclose" (but in classical Latin "to throw open"), from Latin re-, intensive prefix, + claudere "to shut" (see close (v.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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