sanguine

[sang-gwin] /ˈsæŋ gwɪn/
adjective
1.
cheerfully optimistic, hopeful, or confident:
"a sanguine disposition; sanguine expectations."
2.
reddish; ruddy:
"a sanguine complexion."
3.
(in old physiology) having blood as the predominating humor and consequently being ruddy-faced, cheerful, etc.
4.
bloody; sanguinary.
5.
blood-red; red.
6.
Heraldry. a reddish-purple tincture.
noun
7.
a red iron-oxide crayon used in making drawings.
Origin
1275–1325; Middle English sanguyne a blood-red cloth < Old French sanguin < Latin sanguineus bloody, equivalent to sanguin-, stem of sanguis blood + -eus -eous
Related forms
sanguinely, adverb
sanguinity, sanguinness, noun
nonsanguine, adjective
nonsanguinely, adverb
nonsanguineness, noun
oversanguine, adjective
oversanguinely, adverb
oversanguineness, noun
presanguine, adjective
quasi-sanguine, adjective
quasi-sanguinely, adverb
supersanguine, adjective
supersanguinity, noun
unsanguine, adjective
unsanguinely, adverb
Can be confused
sanguinary, sanguine.
Synonyms
1. enthusiastic, buoyant, animated, lively, spirited.
Antonyms
1. morose.
British Dictionary definitions for nonsanguine
sanguine (ˈsæŋɡwɪn)
 
adj
1.  cheerful and confident; optimistic
2.  (esp of the complexion) ruddy in appearance
3.  blood-red
4.  an obsolete word for sanguinary
 
n
5.  Also called: red chalk a red pencil containing ferric oxide, used in drawing
 
[C14: from Latin sanguineus bloody, from sanguis blood]
 
'sanguinely
 
adv
 
'sanguineness
 
n
 
san'guinity
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin and History for nonsanguine
sanguine
1319, "type of red cloth," from O.Fr. sanguin (fem. sanguine), from L. sanguineus "of blood," also "bloody, bloodthirsty," from sanguis (gen. sanguinis) "blood" (see sanguinary). Meaning "blood-red" is recorded from 1382. Meaning "cheerful, hopeful, confident" first attested 1509, since these qualities were thought in medieval physiology to spring from an excess of blood as one of the four humors.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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nonsanguine in Medicine

sanguine san·guine (sāng'gwĭn)
adj.

  1. Of a healthy, reddish color; ruddy.

  2. Cheerfully confident; optimistic.

  3. Having blood as the dominant humor in terms of medieval physiology.

  4. Archaic Having the temperament and ruddy complexion that was formerly thought to be characteristic of a person dominated by this humor; passionate.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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