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sterile

[ster-il or, esp. British, -ahyl] /ˈstɛr ɪl or, esp. British, -aɪl/
adjective
1.
free from living germs or microorganisms; aseptic:
sterile surgical instruments.
2.
incapable of producing offspring; not producing offspring.
3.
barren; not producing vegetation:
sterile soil.
4.
Botany.
  1. noting a plant in which reproductive structures fail to develop.
  2. bearing no stamens or pistils.
5.
not productive of results, ideas, etc.; fruitless.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; < Latin sterilis unfruitful
Related forms
sterilely, adverb
sterility
[stuh-ril-i-tee] /stəˈrɪl ɪ ti/ (Show IPA),
sterileness, noun
antisterility, adjective
half-sterile, adjective
nonsterile, adjective
nonsterilely, adverb
nonsterility, noun
unsterile, adjective
Can be confused
impetus, impotence, sterility.
impotence, sterility, sterilized.
Synonyms
2. infecund, unfruitful.
Antonyms
2, 3. fertile.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for nonsterility

sterile

/ˈstɛraɪl/
adjective
1.
unable to produce offspring; infertile
2.
free from living, esp pathogenic, microorganisms; aseptic
3.
(of plants or their parts) not producing or bearing seeds, fruit, spores, stamens, or pistils
4.
lacking inspiration or vitality; fruitless
5.
(economics, US) (of gold) not being used to support credit creation or an increased money supply
Derived Forms
sterilely, adverb
sterility (stɛˈrɪlɪtɪ) noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin sterilis
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for nonsterility

sterile

adj.

early 15c., "barren" (implied in sterility), from Middle French stérile "not producing fruit," from Latin sterilis "barren, unproductive," from PIE *ster- "sterile, barren" originally "stiff, rigid" (cf. Greek steresthai "be deprived of," steira "sterile," stereos "firm, solid, stiff, hard;" Sanskrit starih "a barren cow;" Old Church Slavonic sterica "a barren cow;" Gothic stairo "barren;" Old Norse stirtla "a barren cow"). See torpor. Originally in English with reference to soil; of females, from 1530s. The sense of "sterilized" is first recorded 1877.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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nonsterility in Medicine

sterile ster·ile (stěr'əl, -īl')
adj.

  1. Not producing or incapable of producing offspring.

  2. Free from all live bacteria or other microorganisms and their spores.


ster'ile·ness or ste·ril'i·ty (stə-rĭl'ĭ-tē) n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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nonsterility in Science
sterile
  (stěr'əl, stěr'īl')   
  1. Not able to produce offspring, seeds, or fruit; unable to reproduce.

  2. Free from disease-causing microorganisms.


sterility noun (stə-rĭl'ĭ-tē)
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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