of or pertaining to the school of philosophy founded by Zeno, who taught that people should be free from passion, unmoved by joy or grief, and submit without complaint to unavoidable necessity.
(lowercase) stoical.
a member or adherent of the Stoic school of philosophy.
(lowercase) a person who maintains or affects the mental attitude advocated by the Stoics.

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin Stōicus < Greek Stōikós, equivalent to stō- (variant stem of stoá stoa) + -ikos -ic

non-Stoic, adjective, noun
unstoic, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
stoic (ˈstəʊɪk)
1.  a person who maintains stoical qualities
2.  a variant of stoical

Stoic (ˈstəʊɪk)
1.  a member of the ancient Greek school of philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium, holding that virtue and happiness can be attained only by submission to destiny and the natural law
2.  of or relating to the doctrines of the Stoics
[C16: via Latin from Greek stōikos, from stoa the porch in Athens where Zeno taught]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., "philosopher of the school founded by Zeno," from L. stoicus, from Gk. stoikos "pertaining to a member of or the teachings of the school founded by Zeno (c.334-c.262 B.C.E.), characterized by austere ethical doctrines," lit. "pertaining to a portico," from stoa "porch," specifically Stoa
Poikile "the Painted Porch," the great hall in Athens (decorated with frescoes depicting the Battle of Marathon) where Zeno taught (see stoa). Meaning "person who represses feelings or endures patiently" first recorded 1570s. The adj. is recorded from 1590s in the "repressing feelings" sense, c.1600 in the philosophical sense; earlier stoical (early 15c. of philosophers, 1570s as "indifferent to pleasure or pain").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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